Studies have indicated that chimps, orangutans, and dolphins are capable of recognizing themselves ter the mirror. This capability to acknowledge one’s bod and externally recognize that figure is limited to only a few species te the world. The self can be violated up into two different aspects. The contemporáneo content of one’s self, their character and being, is called self concept. When one contemplates about their self it is called self-awareness. Together thesis two things form the thoughts, beliefs, and understandings wij have about who and what wij are. They give us identity.
Mental structures that organize information about ourselves are called self-schemas. Everything wij choose to notice or recall is dictated by our self-schemas. Lets imagine two people go to a convention. One person loves books and the other loves movie games. The bookworm will most likely recall conversations, photos, or text from the convention that has to do with books, while the movie gamer will recall anything having to do with movie games. People naturally recall things that relate to themselves. Te one elementary proefneming, subjects were divided into two groups. They were both read a list of adjectives and asked to recall spil many spil possible, except one group wasgoed told to recall adjectives that would explain their own personalities while the other group attempted to reminisce words related to other people. The group memorizing adjectives about themselves were able to reminisce more. This is an example of the self-reference effect, which is the tendency for a person to recall something better if it is related to their self.
Humans are able to project for the future and switch their behavior and choices. This is not something that many animals are capable of. Te fact, humans are the only species capable of programma events so far ter advance and modifying ourselves to the extent that wij do. This capability is called self-regulation. Wij are capable of imagining things that have not happened yet so that wij can switch something about ourselves, such spil whether or not wij smoke cigarettes. Of course, quitting something like cigarette smoking or drugs is very difficult. It requires a good overeenkomst of self control, and social psychologists’ have spent a lotsbestemming of time researching self control te relation to self-regulation.
Self and Culture
How wij view ourselves can be shaped by the society and culture wij grow up te. Película del Oeste and eastern cultures have different attitudes and values about the self. Ter película del Oeste cultures people tend to have an independent view of the self, which means that they define themselves by their internal thoughts, feelings, and deeds. It is common to grow up being told that you are unique, individual, and separate from other people. Eastern cultures tend to instill an interdependent view of the self, which means that a person defines their self te terms of relationships they develop with other people. They value interconnectedness overheen independence and uniqueness. Spil a result, people raised te eastern cultures are more likely to mention family than people from película del Oeste culture.
Gender and Self
Guys and women certainly have differences te the things they like to discuss or think about. Studies have found that women have a self-concept that is linked to relational interdependence, meaning they concentrate on close relationships with friends, loved ones, and family. Dudes have self-concepts that are linked to collective interdependence, meaning they concentrate on large scale groups like belonging to a football team or country. Women are therefore better at discussing intimate feelings and maintaining close relationships than dudes who are less likely to disclose their internal feelings or concentrate on individual relationships.
Introspection involves looking te at one’s self to examine and evaluate thoughts, feelings, and motives. Research has shown that people spend very little time engaged te introspection. One investigate continually asked 107 people their moods, thoughts, etc. at random times of the day for one week. They discovered that people spend more time thinking about things like work, time, chores, and leisure than they do thinking about themselves. Self-awareness theory states that when people do engage te introspection they will evaluate and compare their behavior to internal standards and values. [read] This self consciousness leads to objective judgment of the self, eventually leading to switches ter behavior if deeds do not match up with internal values.
Being introspective only gets you so far, especially when you don’t why you might feel a certain way. Sometimes our feelings and emotions are enormously difficult to understand or define. This can make it hard to be ter touch with your self. Sometimes wij may attribute emotions to the wrong things. For example, someone may be angry and figure it is because of something their significant other did when ter fact the anger is coming from something else, such spil unconscious feelings of inadequacy.
Sometimes wij have attitudes or opinions about things and are not consciously aware of them. When wij have attitudes that are uncertain or ambiguous wij can infer fresh attitudes by observing behavior and the situation it occurs. This is called the self-perception theory.
Comparisons to Others
Interaction with other people is very significant to the establishment and development of self. Talking and observing other people gives us an idea about how wij are different from them and therefore unique. It gives us our understanding of self. Social comparison theory states that wij learn about our abilities and attitudes by comparing ourselves to other people. Research shows that people will compare themselves to others when there is no objective standard to measure themselves against and they feel uncertainty about themselves te a specific area. Whenever wij are te a fresh social situation wij very first compare ourselves to anybody who is instantly around us. Merienda wij have evaluated the people around us wij will huis ter on a duo of people with whom wij feel best comparable. Usually the people wij choose to challenge against are those who emerge better or brighter than us. Ter other words, it is human nature to want to be the very best at things, which is why wij set the buffet high for those wij compare ourselves to. This is called upward social comparison. [read]
Self-enhancement is the tendency for people to concentrate on and present positive information about themselves and to minimize the negative information. [ read] By flattering the best aspects of their personalities and behavior, people are able to stay te a positive mood and constructively stir forward ter life. Overlooking the negative aspects helps keep bad habits at bay. Presenting the best parts of one’s self will ultimately lead to healthy relationships and a better overall lifestyle. Some research shows that self-enhancement may be more prevalent te película del Oeste culture, while other research suggests that it is universal across all cultures.